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Undergraduate Catalog 2014-2015


Approved Courses

The following list includes undergraduate courses that have been approved as of May 2014.  Courses added after that date do not appear in this list.  Courses eliminated after that date may still appear.  Not every course is offered regularly.  Students should consult the Schedule of Classes at www.testudo.umd.edu to ascertain which courses are actually offered during a given semester.

COURSE NUMBERING SYSTEM

Number   Eligibility
000-099   Non-credit course
100-199   Primarily freshman course
200-299   Primarily sophomore course
300-399   Junior, senior course not acceptable for credit toward graduate degrees
386-387   Campus-wide internship courses; refer to information describing Experiential Learning
400-499   Junior, senior course acceptable for credit toward some graduate degree
500-599   Professional School course (Dentistry, Architecture, Law, Medicine) or post-baccalaureate course
600-899   Course restricted to graduate students
799   Master Thesis credit
899   Doctoral Dissertation credit

 

Use the search box below to view the approved courses.

Courses in "ENST-Environmental Science and Technology"

ENST - Environmental Science and Technology

ENST 100 International Crop Production-Issues and Challenges in the 21st Century (3) Credit only granted for: ENST100 or NRSC100. Formerly: NRSC100. Examines the role of crop production in elevating humans out of poverty in developing countries. It will introduce students to the basic principles of plant and soil science underlying the international production of food crops and world food security. The role of multinational agencies such as the World Bank in the promotion of sustainable crop production using environmentally-sound technologies will also be discussed.

ENST 105 Soil and Environmental Quality (3) Credit only granted for: ENST105 or NRSC105. Formerly: NRSC105. Soil as an irreplaceable natural resource, the importance of soils in the ecosystem, soils as sources of pollution, and soils as the media for the storage, assimilation or inactivation of pollutants. Acid rain, indoor radon, soil erosion and sedimentation, nutrient pollution of waters, homeowners' problems with soils, and the effect of soils on the food chain.

ENST 200 Fundamentals of Soil Science (4) Corequisite: CHEM131 and CHEM132; or permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Credit only granted for: ENST200 or NRSC200. Formerly: NRSC200. Study and management of soils as natural bodies, media for plant growth, and ecosystem components. Morphology, composition, formation, and conservation of soils. Chemical, biological, and physical properties are discussed in relation to the production of plants, the functioning of hydrologic and nutrient cycles, the protection of environmental quality, and engineering uses of soils.

ENST 214 Introduction to Fish and Wildlife Sciences (3) Prerequisite: 1 course in BSCI; or permission of instructor. Lectures, discussion, and readings in social, biological, and human dimension issues facing fisheries and wildlife biologists and natural resource managers in the United States. Coverage will include history and philosophical discussions of fish and wildlife sciences; conservation and management; principles of community, habitat, and animal ecology and management; and interrelations of wildlife, fish, and forestry.

ENST 233 Introduction to Environmental Health (3) How humans are affected by the quality of our air, water, soil, and food supply as well as how human activities altered these survival necessities are examined. Students will learn how the evolution and prosperity of human populations have resulted in degradation of our environment and the impact of environmental degradation on the health of people.

ENST 250 Environmental Issues and Culture in USA and Russia (2) Recommended: Recommended for Freshmen and Sophomores only. Explore environmental issues and culture with university students at Moscow State University of Environmental Engineering, Moscow, Russia via weekly videoconferences. Culture and environmental issues of both countries will be examined via individual and group presentations and guided discussions.

ENST 281 Computer Aided Design in Ecology (3) Restriction: Must be in Environmental Sci & Tech program. Basics of Computer Aided Drawing (CAD) applied to design of constructed ecosystems. Introduction to dynamic ecosystem modeling with iconographic simulation software. Course will spend 6 weeks on CAD and 8 weeks on modeling. Use of campus stormwater wetland as case study.

ENST 301 Field Soil Morphology I (1) Restriction: Permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Formerly: ENST308. This is a field-oriented course that introduces students to the techniques used to (1) describe soil morphology, and site and profile characteristics, (2) make land use interpretations based on soil characteristics, and (3) classify soils. This class is designed to prepare students for the Regional Collegiate Soil Judging Contest and for students to gain experience in the description and interpretation of soils in the field.

ENST 302 Field Soil Morphology II (1) Prerequisite: ENST301. Restriction: Permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Formerly: ENST308. This is the second field-oriented course in a three course sequence that provides intermediate training for students in the techniques used to (1) describe soil morphology, and site and profile characteristics, (2) make land use interpretations based on soil characteristics, and (3) classify soils. This class is designed to prepare students for the Regional Collegiate Soil Judging Contest and for students to gain experience in the description and interpretation of soils in the field.

ENST 303 Field Soil Morphology III (1) Prerequisite: ENST302. Restriction: Permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Formerly: ENST308. This is the third field-oriented course in a three course sequence that provides intermediate training for students in the techniques used to (1) describe soil morphology, and site and profile characteristics, (2) make land use interpretations based on soil characteristics, and (3) classify soils. This class is designed to prepare students for the Regional Collegiate Soil Judging Contest and for students to gain experience in the description and interpretation of soils in the field.

ENST 308 Field Soil Morphology (1) Restriction: Permission of AGNR-Agricultural & Resource Economics department. Repeatable to 4 credits. Formerly: NRSC308. Intensive field study of soils with particular emphasis on soil morphology, soil classification, and agricultural and urban soil interpretations. Focus is on soils of the Northeast US. The lab period is devoted to field trips, and student efforts culminate in a mandatory extended field trip.

ENST 309 Advanced Field Soil Morphology (1) Prerequisite: ENST301. Restriction: Permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Repeatable to 3 credits if content differs. This is a field-oriented course that provides advanced training for students in the techniques used to (1) describe soil morphology, and site and profile characteristics, (2) make land use interpretations based on soil characteristics, and (3) classify soils. This class is designed to prepare students for the National Collegiate Soil Judging Contest and for students to gain experience in the description and interpretation of soils in the field. Students will be exposed to a variety of soil landscapes and geology from outside of the northeastern U.S.

ENST 314 Fisheries Management and Sustainability (3) Prerequisite: BSCI106. Or ENST214; and 1 course from MATH113-499 course range. Or permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. A detailed look at the ecology, management, and sustainability of fisheries resources. Concepts on human and ecological dimensions are emphasized.

ENST 333 Ecosystem Health and Protection (3) Recommended: ENST233. Credit only granted for: ENST499A or ENST333. Formerly: ENST499A. Discussion of the philosophies, principles, and practices for assessing ecosystem health with emphasis on an ecosystem perspective rather than a human health perspective. Degradation associated with human activities will be emphasized. Topics will range from local to regional to global issues, including a discussion on global warming and its possible impacts on ecosystems. Concepts will be clarified using case histories from the Chesapeake Bay watershed.

ENST 334 Environmental Toxicology (3) Prerequisite: CHEM131, CHEM132, and BSCI207; or permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Concepts and case histories in ecotoxicology. Emphasis on origin and variety of environmental pollutants, routes of biological exposure, modes of toxicological action and effects on individual organisms, populations and ecosystems. Ecotoxicological issues in the Chesapeake Bay will be used as examples.

ENST 360 Ecosystem Ecology (4) Prerequisite: BSCI106. Restriction: Must be in one of the following programs (Environmental Sci & Tech: Ecological Tech Design; Environmental Sci & Tech: Environmental Health; Environmental Sci & Tech: Soil & Watershed Science; Environmental Sci & Tech: Natural Resources Mgmt; Environmental Sci & Tech). The study of ecology has a long and interesting history, from early society's efforts to understand and alter their environment as a matter of survival to the challenges the modern world is facing that are global in scale. Through the course text, distributed supplemental chapter readings and an understanding of the scientific literature, this course will cover the essential concepts and principles of ecosystem ecology as well as its history and past and present controversies. Several of the basic methods and tools of field research and the applied management of ecosystems will be discussed and demonstrated with several field excursions in the natural environs of the DC area. Central to this course will be the understanding that modern human society is an integral part of nature, with the power to impact and influence elements of the natural world at multiple scales. An analysis of policy implications for the biosphere will be discussed.

ENST 373 Natural History of the Chesapeake Bay (3) Also offered as: BSCI373. Credit only granted for: BSCI373, ENST373, or ENST499G. Formerly: ENST499G. Consideration of the major groups of organisms associated with the Chesapeake Bay and current issues that determine humans' present and future uses for the Chesapeake and its biota.

ENST 388 Honors Thesis Research (3-6) Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Credit only granted for: NRMT388, NRSC388, or ENST388. Formerly: NRSC388. Undergraduate honors thesis research conducted under the direction of an AGNR faculty member in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the College of AGNR Honors Program. The thesis will be defended to a faculty committee.

ENST 389 Internship (3) Restriction: Must be in Environmental Sci & Tech program. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Formerly: NRSC389 and NRMT389. Credit will be granted for practical work carried out by students placed in work environment related to their stated career goals. Students must do an in-depth study in some portion of the work experience and produce a special project or report related to this study. A student work log is also recommended. An evaluation from the external supervisor of the project will be required. Credit arranged with supervising faculty member.

ENST 398 Seminar (1) Restriction: Senior standing. And must be in Environmental Sci & Tech program; or must be in Landscape Architecture program. Formerly: NRSC398. Oral presentation of the results of investigational work by reviewing recent scientific literature in the various phases of natural resource sciences, horticulture and agronomy.

ENST 405 Energy and Environment (3) Prerequisite: MATH140; or MATH220. Restriction: Junior standing or higher. Also offered as: ENST605. Credit only granted for: ENST405, ENST605, NRMT489Z, or MEES698Z. Formerly: NRMT489Z. Introduction to the role of energy in environmental and human-dominated systems. Discussion of the historical and modern production and consumption of energy. Introduction to energy systems computer simulation and energy auditing.

ENST 407 Environmental Plant Physiology (4) Prerequisite: PLSC100 or PLSC101; or (BSCI106 and BSCI105). Recommended: CHEM131 and CHEM132. Restriction: Junior standing or higher. Also offered as: PLSC400. Credit only granted for: PLSC400 or ENST407. An introduction to the basic physical and physiological principles necessary for understanding the interactions between plants and their environment. The overall objective is to understand plant responses and adaptions to the environment and the ecological relevance of these responses.

ENST 410 Ecosystem Services: An Integrated Analysis (3) Prerequisite: BSCI361; or permission of instructor. The importance of our ecosystems and the services they provide will be discussed. Basic principles used to analyze ecosystem services will be discussed and applied using case studies & field exercises. Forestland, wetlands and our marine resources are increasingly recognized for their ecosystem services provided to society, to include clean air and water, wildlife habitat, biodiversity, carbon storage and pollination services. This course will prepare students to deal with the complex issues involved in understanding those and other ecosystem services and their importance to society and environmental sustainability. Slowly, new markets are emerging for these services. Students will analyze the ecological, policy and financial dimensions of enhancing, restoring, and sustaining ecosystem services. New and on-going government programs and private business ventures will be discussed.

ENST 411 Principles of Soil Fertility (3) Prerequisite: ENST200; or students who have taken courses with comparable content may contact the department. Also offered as: ENST611. Credit only granted for: ENST411 or NRSC411. Formerly: NRSC411. Soil factors affecting plant growth and quality with emphasis on the bio-availability of mineral nutrients. The management of soil systems to enhance plant growth by means of crop rotations, microbial activities, and use of organic and inorganic amendments.

ENST 414 Soil Morphology, Genesis and Classification (4) Prerequisite: ENST200. Credit only granted for: ENST414 or NRSC414. Formerly: NRSC414. Processes and factors of soil genesis. Taxonomy of soils of the world by U.S. System. Soil morphological characteristics, composition, classification, survey and field trips to examine and describe soils.

ENST 415 Renewable Energy (3) Prerequisite: CHEM131, PHYS121, and MATH113; or permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Restriction: Must be in a major within AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. An overview of renewable energy technologies and their current applications. Emphasis will be placed on technological readiness, efficiency and sustainability of renewable energy alternatives. Technologies include solar thermal, photovoltaics, biodiesel, ethanol, anaerobic digestion, wind, hydroelectric, and microbial fuel cells.

ENST 417 Soil Hydrology and Physics (3) Prerequisite: ENST200; and (MATH113 or MATH115). Or permission of instructor. Credit only granted for: ENST417 or NRSC417. Formerly: NRSC417. A study of soil water interactions: the hydrologic cycle; the unique properties of water and soil; the soil components and their interactions; the field water cycle; transport processes involving water, heat and solutes; human effects on soil and groundwater; as well as the measurement, prediction, and control of the physical processes taking place in and through the soil.

ENST 421 Soil Chemistry (4) Prerequisite: ENST200. Credit only granted for: ENST421 or NRSC421. Formerly: NRSC421. The chemistry and composition of mineral and organic colloids in soils, including ion exchange, oxidation-reduction, acidity, surface charge, and solution chemistry. Lectures and readings pertain to plant nutrition, waste disposal, and groundwater quality.

ENST 422 Soil Microbial Ecology (3) Prerequisite: ENST200; or 1 course in BCHM; or must have completed a course in microbiology; or students who have taken courses with comparable content may contact the department. Also offered as: ENST622. Credit only granted for: ENST422 or NRSC422. Formerly: NRSC422. The interdisciplinary study of soil microorganisms and their interactions with the mineral matrix; resulting in processes such as nutrient cycling, decontamination, and natural product production. We will focus on the diversity of soil communities, their survival strategies, and the new strategies used to study these communities.

ENST 423 Soil-Water Pollution (3) Prerequisite: CHEM104 and ENST200; and permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Credit only granted for: ENST423 or NRSC423. Reaction and fate of pesticides, agricultural fertilizers, industrial and animal wastes in soil and water with emphasis on their relation to the environment.

ENST 424 Field Study in Soil Morphology (4) Prerequisite: ENST200. Credit only granted for: ENST424 or NRSC424. Formerly: NRSC424. Additional information: Students must pay a $300 course activities fee. The fundamentals of making morphological descriptions of soils, using standard techniques, terminology, and abbreviations of the National Cooperative Soil Survey. Given a regional perspective and reasonable assumptions regarding soil properties, students should become competent to classify soils which they have described in the field and also make interpretations concerning the suitability of soils for various potential uses.

ENST 427 Nonpoint Source Pollution Assessment Techniques (3) Prerequisite: Must have completed one course in hydrology; or permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Also offered as: ENBE462. Credit only granted for: ENBE462 or ENST427. Various techniques to measure non-point source pollution, quantify mass transport, and statistically evaluate water quality criteria. Primary focus is on agriculture and water, but urban NPS pollution is addressed.

ENST 430 Wetland Soils (3) Prerequisite: ENST200. Credit only granted for: ENST430, ENST630, or NRSC461. Formerly: NRSC461. The soils of wetlands including hydrology, chemistry, and genesis are discussed. Federal and regional guidelines for wetland soils are covered with an emphasis on validating interpretations through field observations.

ENST 432 Environmental Microbiology (3) Prerequisite: BSCI105, CHEM131, and CHEM132. Credit only granted for: ENST432 or ENST499M. Formerly: ENST499M. Microorganisms are everywhere and mediate many of the processes that we observe everyday. These organisms are the unseen catalysts for numerous industrial processes and are critical to many emerging technologies and novel products. Environmental microbiologists ask: How do microorganisms in the environment benefit society? This course will answer this question by examining microbes in bioremediation, food safety, climate change, and biotechnology.

ENST 434 Toxic Contaminants: Sources, Fate, and Effects (3) Prerequisite: ENST333 and ENST334. Study of the release to the environment, transport through natural compartments, persistence and ultimate fate of various classes of contaminants produced as a result of human activities. Topics will culminate in discussions of impacts to wildlife and human health. Students should emerge with a practical appreciation of the actual risks from exposure to a variety of environmental contaminants and an understanding of the environmental and human health implications of continuing the contaminating activities.

ENST 436 Emerging Environmental Threats (3) Prerequisite: ENST233; or permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Examine new and potential environmental concerns in the air, water, soil, space, and the built environment. Emphasis on studying the intrinsic links between ecosystem and human health. Topics will include climate change, resource consumption, biodiversity change, infectious disease, non-traditional pollutants, and other complex and significant environmental concerns.

ENST 440 Crops, Soils and Civilization (3) Credit only granted for: ENST440 or NRSC440. Formerly: NRSC440. Role and importance of crop and soil resources in the development of human civilization. History of crop and soil use and management as they relate to the persistence of ancient and modern cultures.

ENST 441 Sustainable Agriculture (3) Credit only granted for: ENST441 or NRSC441. Formerly: NRSC441. Environmental, social and economic needs for alternatives to the conventional, high-input farming systems which currently predominate in industrial countries. Strategies and practices that minimize the use of non-renewable resources.

ENST 443 Industrial Ecology (3) Prerequisite: MATH140 or MATH220; and BSCI361. Or permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Also offered as: ENST643. Credit only granted for: ENST443, ENST643, or MEES698J. Problems of waste management and recycling in human societies are covered. The industrial ecology approach to design is contrasted with analogous patterns and processes from natural ecosystems.

ENST 444 Restoration Ecology (3) Prerequisite: MATH140. Credit only granted for: ENST444, NRMT489F, or NRMT444. Formerly: NRMT489F. Discussion of the philosophies, principles, and practices of ecosystem restoration. Presentation of restoration case histories include wetlands, lakes, streams, coastal systems, mined lands, and new ecosystems.

ENST 445 Ecological Risk Assessment (3) Prerequisite: ENST333, BSCI361, and BIOM301; or permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Assessment of ecological impacts of perturbations on natural systems. Course will describe quantitative methods for estimating environmental impacts by extrapolating from laboratory and field data. The role of regulatory agencies and implications of scientific uncertainty on risk management will be covered.

ENST 447 Biodiversity, Ecology, and Human Health (3) Prerequisite: BIOM301; or permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. An investigation of how biodiversity and ecological processes affect human health. We will view humans as an integral but unique members of ecosystems whose well-being depends on a range of complex ecological services. Topics will include human-induced environmental changes, species invasions, species interactions, medicines from nature, and infectious diseases. The lab will involve conducting research on native and introduced species of medical importance.

ENST 450 Wetland Ecology (3) Prerequisite: BIOM301; or permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Also offered as: ENST650, MEES650. Credit only granted for: ENST450, NRMT450, or MEES650. Formerly: NRMT450. Plant and animal communities, biogeochemistry, and ecosystem properties of wetland systems. Laboratory emphasizes collection and analysis of field data on wetland vegetation, soil, and hydrology.

ENST 451 Water Quality: Field and Lab Analysis Methods (3) Prerequisite: CHEM131 and CHEM132. And CHEM104; or (CHEM231 and CHEM232). Credit only granted for: ENBE451, ENST451, or NRMT451. Formerly: NRMT451. Hands-on experience with techniques for assessing physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of surface waters, including streams, lakes, and wetlands. Emphasis is placed on understanding effects of water quality on ecosystem structure and function.

ENST 452 Wetland Creation and Restoration (3) Prerequisite: BSCI106; and (BSCI362, ENST450, or MEES650). Or permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Also offered as: MEES652, ENST652. Credit only granted for: ENST452, ENST652, or MEES652. Design, construction, and evaluation of wetlands restored or created for ecosystem enhancement or mitigation. Topics will include ecological restoration theory, goal-setting, practices for establishing wetland hydrology, substrate, and vegetation, and restored ecosystem monitoring and functional assessment. Two mandatory Friday afternoon field trips will be held from 1:00-6:00pm (dates to be announced in class); hip length wading boots are recommended for field trips.

ENST 460 Principles of Wildlife Management (3) Prerequisite: Must have completed two semesters of biology laboratory; or permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Credit only granted for: ENST460 or NRMT460. Formerly: NRMT460. Ecological principles and requirements of wildlife as basis for management, and introduction to the scientific literature. Conflicts in wildlife management, government administration of wildlife resources, legislation, and history of the wildlife management profession.

ENST 461 Urban Wildlife Management (3) Credit only granted for: ENST461 or NRMT461. Formerly: NRMT461. Ecology and management of wildlife in urban areas. For students in biological sciences, geography, landscape design, natural resources management, recreation and urban studies. Planning, design, and wildlife conservation in landscape ecology. Public attitudes, preferences, and values, review of private conservation organizations.

ENST 462 Field Techniques in Wildlife Management (2) Recommended: ENST461 and ENST460. Credit only granted for: ENST462, NRMT462, or NRMT489B. Formerly: NRMT462. Hands-on experience with field techniques in wildlife management focusing on various methods of conducting indices, estimates, and censuses of wildlife populations. Includes capture and handling of amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals by use of drift fences, cover boards, mist nets, box traps, and dart guns.

ENST 463 Wildlife Habitat and Population Modeling (3) Prerequisite: ENST460, GEOG373, and MATH220; or permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Restriction: Must be in Environmental Sci & Tech program; and must be in Environmental Science and Policy program. Students will gain basic tools for the analysis and modeling of wildlife population demographics and wildlife habitat. This class will be broken into two components: 1) will teach students techniques of modeling wildlife field data for the purpose of estimation of key parameters such as population size, viability, and other demographic rates using programs such as Riskman, Vortex, and Mark; 2) will teach students real world techniques used to determine and model habitat use on multiple scales using statistical analyses, GIS, and stand-alone programs such as Home Ranger and Biomapper. This class is designed for wildlife and natural resources majors.

ENST 470 Natural Resources Management (4) Restriction: Must have earned a minimum of 85 credits. And must be in Environmental Sci & Tech program; or must be in Environmental Sci & Tech: Natural Resources Mgmt program. Field work and independent research on watersheds. Intensive seminar on resource management planning and report preparation.

ENST 471 Capstone I (2) This course will be conducted in a group discussion format that will focus on professional project proposal preparation and presentation, critical evaluation of environmental science research, professional development, and career planning. Students will develop and present original project proposals and critique project proposals presented by others.

ENST 472 Capstone II (3) Prerequisite: ENST471. Restriction: Must be in a major within AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department; and permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. This course is the second in a two-part series. Students will continue work on projects proposed and begun in ENST471. Focus on professional project preparation, presentation, critical evaluation on environmental science research, professional development, and career planning. Students will develop and present original projects and critique projects presented by others.

ENST 477 Design for Urban Water and Energy (3) Prerequisite: BSCI361 or ENST373. And MATH221; or students who have taken courses with comparable content may contact the department. And PHYS121. Restriction: Junior standing or higher; and must be in a major within AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Credit only granted for: ENST489W or ENST477. Formerly: ENST4898W. Sustainability of energy and water in urban watersheds. Principles of energy and water dynamics in the urban environment. Role of natural and artificial ecosystems in improving water quality, naturalizing hydrology, supporting ecological habitat and mitigating urban heat island. Ecological designs for minimizing use of energy and water in urban environments and sustainability evaluation techniques are discussed.

ENST 479 Tropical Ecology and Resource Management (1-6) Prerequisite: BSCI106; and must have completed an introductory economics course. Restriction: Permission of instructor. Repeatable to 10 credits if content differs. Formerly: NRMT479. Tropical ecosystems and issues of human use and impact. Includes lectures which lead up to an off-campus trip in a tropical environment.

ENST 481 Ecological Design (3) Prerequisite: MATH220 or MATH140; and (PHYS121 and CHEM131); and (BSCI361; or students who have taken courses with comparable content may contact the department). Or permission of instructor. Restriction: Permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Also offered as: ENST681, MEES681. Credit only granted for: ENST481, ENST681, or MEES681. An advanced survey course on the field of ecological design. Principles of design are illustrated with case studies from biologically-based waste treatment systems, ecosystem management and sustainable development. Concepts covered include ecology, ecological engineering, nutrient cycling, emergy, lifecycle analysis, and design process. Technologies include treatment wetlands, living machines, anaerobic digestion, rain gardens, bioswales, bioremediation, algal turf scrubbers, and green building design.

ENST 489 Field Experience (1-4) Restriction: Permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Repeatable to 6 credits. Formerly: NRMT489. Planned field experience for both major and non-major students.

ENST 499 Special Topics in Environmental Science and Technology (1-4) Restriction: Permission of AGNR-Environmental Science & Technology department. Credit only granted for: ENST499, NRMT499, or NRSC499. Formerly: NRSC499 and NRMT499. An independent study, and/or lecture, and/or laboratory series organized to study a selected phase of Environmental Science and Technology not covered by existing courses. Credit arranged with supervising faculty member.

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