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Undergraduate Catalog 2014-2015


Approved Courses

The following list includes undergraduate courses that have been approved as of May 2014.  Courses added after that date do not appear in this list.  Courses eliminated after that date may still appear.  Not every course is offered regularly.  Students should consult the Schedule of Classes at www.testudo.umd.edu to ascertain which courses are actually offered during a given semester.

COURSE NUMBERING SYSTEM

Number   Eligibility
000-099   Non-credit course
100-199   Primarily freshman course
200-299   Primarily sophomore course
300-399   Junior, senior course not acceptable for credit toward graduate degrees
386-387   Campus-wide internship courses; refer to information describing Experiential Learning
400-499   Junior, senior course acceptable for credit toward some graduate degree
500-599   Professional School course (Dentistry, Architecture, Law, Medicine) or post-baccalaureate course
600-899   Course restricted to graduate students
799   Master Thesis credit
899   Doctoral Dissertation credit

 

Use the search box below to view the approved courses.

Courses in "BSCI-Biological Sciences Program"

BSCI - Biological Sciences Program

BSCI 103 The World of Biology (4) An introduction to modern biology for the non-science major. Major themes include molecular biology, cell biology, evolution and organismal biology. Relevance of study of biology to modern human life will be emphasized. Course not acceptable toward degree in College of Chemical and Life Sciences.

BSCI 105 Principles of Biology I (4) Prerequisite: Must have math eligibility of MATH220, MATH130, or MATH140. Recommended: For Science majors. Basic principles of biology with special emphasis on cellular and molecular biology.

BSCI 106 Principles of Biology II (4) Prerequisite: Must have math eligibility of MATH220, MATH130, or MATH140. Restriction: For science majors. Basic principles of biology with special emphasis on organismal, ecological and evolutionary biology.

BSCI 120 Insects (3) A survey of the major groups of insects, their natural history, and their relationships with humans and their environment. Course not acceptable toward major requirements in Biological Sciences, Chemistry or Biochemistry.

BSCI 121 Beekeeping (2) First semester. A study of the life history, behavior and seasonal activities of the honeybee, its place in pollination of flowers with emphasis on plants of economic importance and bee lore in literature. Course not acceptable toward major requirements in Biological Sciences, Chemistry or Biochemistry.

BSCI 124 Plant Biology for Non-Science Students (3) Restriction: For non-science majors only; and must not have completed BSCI105. Additional information: CORE Life Sciences Lab (LL) Course only when taken concurrently with BSCI 125. A basic course in plant biology specifically designed for the non-science student. Emphasis is placed on an evolutionary and ecological approach to studying fundamental concepts and processes of plants, their place in the biosphere, the importance of plants to man, and the manner in which humans impact on plants and their environment. This course will not count toward graduation requirements for any student in Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Biochemistry or the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources.

BSCI 125 Plant Biology Laboratory (1) Corequisite: BSCI124. Restriction: For non-science majors only; and must not have completed BSCI105. Credit only granted for: BSCI105 or BSCI125. Additional information: CORE Life Sciences Lab (LL) Course only when taken concurrently with BSCI 125. An introduction to the biology of plants with emphasis on the processes by which plants function, the diversity of plants, and the importance of plants to humans. This course will not count toward graduation requirements for any student in Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Biochemistry or the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. CORE Lab Science.

BSCI 126 Pollinators in Crisis (3) We will dissect the pollinator crisis, and in the process learn about insects, about the interaction of organisms in complex ecosystems, and about the human-nature interface. Students will work in groups that specialize in an aspect of pollinator biology and their challenges. Instruction will target methods for collecting information, interpretation of scientific information and the professional presentation of findings.

BSCI 135 Amazing Green: Plants that Transformed the World (4) An interactive way to learn about plants and science, focusing on how plants have changed human history, the biology of their growth, and the science behind their use.

BSCI 201 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4) Prerequisite: BSCI105; or students who have taken courses with comparable content may contact the department. Anatomy and physiology of the skeletal, muscular, neural, endocrine, and sensory systems. Course not acceptable toward major requirements in Biological Sciences, Chemistry or Biochemistry.

BSCI 202 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (4) Prerequisite: BSCI201; or permission of CMNS-Biology department. Anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular, respiratory, immune, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems. Course not acceptable toward major requirements in Biological Sciences, Chemistry or Biochemistry.

BSCI 205 Environmental Science (3) Basic ecological principles as they relate to the ecological dilemmas of overpopulation, pollution, increasing consumption of natural resources, and deteriorating land use ethics facing mankind today. Course not acceptable toward major requirements in the College of Chemistry and Life Sciences.

BSCI 206 Chesapeake: A Living Resource (3) Credit only granted for: BSCI206 or BSCI373. The living resources of the Chesapeake Bay from an ecosystem perspective. Designed for non-science majors, it will acquaint students with the Bay's watershed, its physical environment, and its living organisms, with an emphasis on the connections between these factors. Understanding the relationships between physical, chemical and biological processes will equip students to comprehend and appreciate the remarkable productivity of our estuary, as well as provide them with the knowledge needed to protect the Bay. Course not acceptable toward major requirements in the College of Chemistry and Life Sciences.

BSCI 207 Principles of Biology III - Organismal Biology (3) Prerequisite: BSCI106 and BSCI105; and must have completed or be concurrently enrolled in CHEM131 or CHEM103. The diversity, structure and function of organisms as understood from the perspective of their common physicochemical principles and unique evolutionary histories.

BSCI 215 Global Sustainability: A Biologist's Perspective (3) Credit only granted for: BSCI205 or BSCI215. An overview of basic ecological and evolutionary principles and how they relate to current global dilemmas such as overpopulation, pollution, preservation of biodiversity, and the ethics involved in these dilemmas.

BSCI 222 Principles of Genetics (4) Prerequisite: CHEM131, CHEM132, BSCI106, and BSCI105. Or BSCI105; and must have completed two semesters of chemistry. Principles and mechanisms of heredity and gene expression. Considers plant, animal, and microbial organisms.

BSCI 223 General Microbiology (4) Prerequisite: BSCI105. Fundamental concepts in morphology, physiology, genetics, immunology, ecology, and pathogenic microbiology. Applications of microbiology to medicine, the food industry and biotechnology.

BSCI 258 College Park Scholars Internship (1-3) Restriction: For College Park Scholars - Life Sciences students only. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Credit to be determined by CPS Director. Must be completed by end of sophomore year. Course not acceptable toward major requirements in the College of Chemistry and Life Sciences.

BSCI 279 Supplemental Study (1-3) Prerequisite: Permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Repeatable to 6 credits. Research or special study to complement a course taken previously which is not fully equivalent to current departmental requirements. Credit according to work done.

BSCI 283 Principles of Microbiology (4) Prerequisite: BSCI207 and BSCI222. Credit only granted for: BSCI223 or BSCI283. Additional information: Priority given to BSCI, BCHM and CHEM majors. Introduction to microorganisms designed for science majors. Genetic principles underlying microbial abilities; microbial structure-function relationships; metabolism, physiology, and ecology of microorganisms; interactions between microorganisms (including pathogens) and their hosts.

BSCI 288 Internship (1-6) Prerequisite: Permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Repeatable to 12 credits if content differs. An individual experience arranged by the student with the instructor. Does not satisfy biology major requirements. Course not acceptable toward major requirements in the College of Chemistry and Life Sciences.

BSCI 289 Off-Campus Internship (1-3) Prerequisite: Permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Repeatable to 5 credits if content differs. Elective credit for formally established off-campus research internship. Permission of Director of Outreach required. Course not acceptable toward major requirements in the College of Chemistry and Life Sciences.

BSCI 304 Cell Biology from a Biophysical Perspective (3) Prerequisite: BSCI230 or BSCI330. Recommended: PHYS121 and PHYS122. Also offered as: BIPH704, BIOL704. Credit only granted for: BSCI338O or BSCI304. Formerly: BSCI338O. An approach to cell biology by focusing on mechanisms and unifying physical paradigms. It will not assume a great deal of factual biological knowledge, but will expect a background that prepares students to think mechanistically and quantitatively.

BSCI 328 Special Topics in Entomology (1-4) Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Lectures, seminars, mini-courses and other special instruction in various entomological subjects.

BSCI 329 Instructional Assistance Practicum (1-3) Prerequisite: Permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Repeatable to 3 credits if content differs. Students serve as instructional assistants in selected undergraduate biology courses. Roles and responsibilities are determined on a course- specific basis and approved by the College Undergraduate Program Committee. Course not acceptable toward major requirements in the College of Chemistry and Life Sciences.

BSCI 330 Cell Biology and Physiology (4) Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C- in CHEM131, CHEM132, and BSCI105. Restriction: Must not have completed BSCI230. Credit only granted for: BSCI230 or BSCI330. Formerly: BSCI230. Biochemical and physiological mechanisms underlying cellular function. Properties of cells which make life possible and mechanisms by which cells provide energy, reproduce, and regulate and integrate with each other and their environment.

BSCI 334 Mammalogy (3) Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C- in BSCI207 and BSCI106. Introduction to the biology of mammals, including evolution, physiological, and behavioral specializations.

BSCI 335 Mammalogy Laboratory (1) Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C- in BSCI106; and must have completed or be concurrently enrolled in BSCI334. Lab and field techniques for the study of mammals, focusing on their identification, anatomy, histology, spatial distribution, ecology, and behavior.

BSCI 337 Biology of Insects (4) Prerequisite: BSCI106; or permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. An overview of the biology, evolution and diversity of insects and their relatives. Insect morphology, physiology, behavior and ecology; the impact of insects on humanity and the management of pest insect populations; assembly of an insect collection is required.

BSCI 338 Special Topics in Biology (1-4) Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Lectures, seminars, mini-courses and other special instruction in various biological subjects.

BSCI 339 Selected Topics in Biology (1-4) Prerequisite: Permission of CMNS-Biology department. Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. Lectures, seminars, and other selected instruction courses in various biological subject matter.

BSCI 342 Biology of Reproduction (3) Prerequisite: BSCI105; or permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Also offered as: WMST326. Credit only granted for: BSCI342 or WMST326. The biology of the reproductive system with emphasis on mammals and, in particular, on human reproduction. Hormone actions, sperm production, ovulation, sexual differentiation, sexual behavior, contraception, pregnancy, lactation, maternal behavior, and menopause.

BSCI 348 Special Topics in Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics (1-4) Presentation and discussion of special subjects in the field of cell biology and molecular genetics. A maximum of three credit hours of BSCI 348 may be applied to major.

BSCI 353 Principles of Neuroscience (3) Prerequisite: 1 course with a minimum grade of C- from (BSCI207, BSCI330). Corequisite: PHYS122 or PHYS142. Principles of nervous system function, ranging from molecular and cellular basis of neuron function through nervous system integration.

BSCI 360 Principles of Animal Behavior (3) Prerequisite: BSCI222, BSCI106, and BSCI105. Study of animal behavior with emphasis on its evolution and function. Topics include genetic basis of behavior, communication, aggression, foraging, cooperation, mate selection, and relevance for conservation.

BSCI 361 Principles of Ecology (4) Prerequisite: BSCI106; and (MATH130 or MATH140). Basic principles of population, community, and ecosystem ecology. Use of these principles to predict possible consequences of human-caused changes in the environment and to understand the level of uncertainty of those predictions.

BSCI 362 Ecology of Marsh and Dune Vegetation (2) Prerequisite: BSCI106. An examination of the biology of higher plants in dune and marsh ecosystems.

BSCI 363 The Biology of Conservation and Extinction (3) Prerequisite: BSCI106. Ecology, evolutionary biology, and paleontology will be applied to the study of conservation, species invasions, and extinction.

BSCI 370 Principles of Evolution (3) Prerequisite: BSCI106. Understanding evolutionary processes in a natural and human environment, including adaptation; DNA sequence, protein, and genome evolution; evolution of developmental mechanisms; mechanisms of evolutionary change (mutation, natural selection, drift); epidemiology; coevolution and biological control; speciation; comparative methods; extinction and conservation; human evolution.

BSCI 373 Natural History of the Chesapeake Bay (3) Prerequisite: 3 credits in BSCI courses; or permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Also offered as: ENST373. Credit only granted for: BSCI206, BSCI373, or ENST373. Consideration of the major groups of organisms associated with the Chesapeake Bay and current issues that determine humans' present and future uses for the Chesapeake and its biota.

BSCI 375 Biological Oceanography (3) Prerequisite: BSCI106. Fundamentals of biological processes in the world's oceans; emphasizes ecology of marine organisms and how ocean chemistry and ocean circulation influence biological processes such as production, dispersal, and food chain dynamics.

BSCI 378H Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics Department Honors Seminar (1) Required seminar for all students participating in departmental honors research program.

BSCI 379 Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics Department Research (1-3) Prerequisite: Permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. This course is arranged to provide qualified majors an opportunity to pursue research problems under the supervision of a member of the department.

BSCI 379H Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics Department Honors Research (1-4) Student should consult program guidelines. Research project carried out under guidance of faculty advisor.

BSCI 380 Bioinformatics and Integrated Genomics (4) Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C- in BSCI222 and BSCI106; and 1 course with a minimum grade of C- from (MATH141, MATH221). Recommended: BSCI370. Credit only granted for: BSCI348S or BSCI380. Formerly: BSCI348S. Computational methods for the study of biological sequence data in comparative biology and evolution. Analysis of genome content and organization. Database searching, pairwise and multiple sequence alignment, phylogenetic methods, pattern recognition, and functional inference. Functional and comparative genomics approaches.

BSCI 389 Entomology Department Research (1-2) Prerequisite: Permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Credit to be determined by the department. Should be taken during the junior year. Investigations of assigned entomological problems. No more than 4 credit hours of BSCI389 may be applied to the 120 credit hours needed for the Bachelor's degree.

BSCI 389H Entomology Department Honors Research (1-2)

BSCI 392 Biology of Extinct Animals (3) Prerequisite: BSCI106. A survey of extinct animals that have few, if any, direct living descendants. The principles governing the functional design of animals will be used to infer life styles for extinct, and frequently bizarre, organisms.

BSCI 393 Biology of Extinct Animals Laboratory (1) Prerequisite: Must have completed or be concurrently enrolled in BSCI392. An overview of the techniques used in paleobiological reconstructions of extinct animals.

BSCI 394 Vertebrate Form and Function (3) Prerequisite: BSCI105 and BSCI106; and (BSCI207 or BSCI330). Comparative functional anatomy of vertebrates in the context of adaptation to their environments. The vertebrate body and its systems will be considered in terms of structure, physiology, evolution, and embryonic development.

BSCI 398H Biology Department Honors Seminar (1) Required seminar for all students participating in departmental honors research program.

BSCI 399 Biology Department Research (1-3) Prerequisite: Permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Restriction: Minimum cumulative GPA of 3.0. Repeatable to 8 credits if content differs. Research and/or integrated reading in biology under the direction and close supervision of a member of the faculty.

BSCI 399H Biology Department Honors Research (1-2) A laboratory research problem; required each semester during honors participation and culminating in an honors thesis.

BSCI 404 Cell Biology from a Biophysical Perspective (3) Prerequisite: BSCI230 or BSCI330. Recommended: PHYS121 and PHYS122. Also offered as: BIOL704, BIPH704. Credit only granted for: BSCI338O, BSCI404, BIOL704, BIOL708O, or BIPH704. Formerly: BSCI338O. An approach to cell biology by focusing on mechanisms and unifying physical paradigms. It will not assume a great deal of factual biological knowledge, but will expect a background that prepares students to think mechanistically and quantitatively.

BSCI 410 Molecular Genetics (3) Prerequisite: BSCI222. And must have completed CHEM233; or (CHEM231 and CHEM232). An advanced genetics course emphasizing the molecular basis of gene structure and function in the context of modern approaches to the genetics of humans and model organisms.

BSCI 411 Bioinformatics and Integrated Genomics (4) Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C- in BSCI222. Recommended: BSCI410. Credit only granted for: BSCI380 or BSCI411. Formerly: BSCI380. Computational methods for the study of biological sequence data in comparative biology and evolution. Analysis of genome content and organization. Database searching, pairwise and multiple sequence alignment, phylogenetic, methods, pattern recognition, and functional inference. Functional and comparative genomics approaches.

BSCI 412 Microbial Genetics (4) Prerequisite: BSCI223 and BSCI222. A laboratory/lecture based course that covers the fundamentals of mutation, mobile genetic elements and transmission genetics of microbial organisms using both classical and molecular approaches.

BSCI 413 Recombinant DNA (3) Prerequisite: BSCI330, BSCI223, or BSCI230; and BSCI222. Formerly: ZOOL452. An advanced course presenting the tools and procedures of genetic engineering. Theory and practical applications of recombinant DNA techniques to understanding eukaryotic gene structure and expression.

BSCI 414 Recombinant DNA Laboratory (3) Prerequisite: BSCI222. An advanced course offering hands-on experience in performing recombinant DNA experiments. All current molecular biology techniques used for cloning prokaryotic genes, analyzing the gene products, and modifying the genes will be performed. Techniques include isolation of DNA, use of restriction enzymes; cloning procedures, PCR analysis, and Southern hybridizations. Lecture material focuses on interpretation of results generated in the laboratory.

BSCI 415 Molecular Genetics Laboratory (3) Prerequisite: Must have completed or be concurrently enrolled in BSCI410. Restriction: Junior standing or higher. Credit only granted for: BSCI348G or BSCI415. Formerly: BSCI348G. Problem solving laboratory organized around extended projects that employ different approaches toward linking gene and function.

BSCI 416 Human Genetics (3) Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C- in BSCI410. Recommended: BSCI330. Approaches to human genetics and applications to biology and medicine focusing on specific human genetic topics using primary research papers as the main resource.

BSCI 417 Microbial Pathogenesis (3) Prerequisite: BSCI223 and BSCI222. Restriction: Junior standing or higher. Credit only granted for: BSCI348M or BSCI417. Formerly: BSCI348M. Current research in microbial pathogenesis and the molecular and cellular basis of bacterial disease. Comprehensive overview of the molecular basis of pathogenesis with a focus on model microbial systems to illustrate mechanisms of disease pathogenesis. Topics covered: how microorganisms attach to and enter cells; how host cells are damaged by microbial products; how the host responds to invasion; and host-pathogen evolution.

BSCI 420 Cell Biology Lectures (3) Prerequisite: BSCI330, BSCI222, CHEM231, and CHEM232. Credit only granted for: BSCI420 or BSCI421. Molecular and biochemical bases of cellular organization and function in eukaryotes.

BSCI 421 Cell Biology (4) Prerequisite: BSCI330, BSCI222, CHEM231, and CHEM232. Credit only granted for: BSCI420 or BSCI421. Molecular and biochemical basis of cellular organization and function in eukaryotes.

BSCI 422 Principles of Immunology (3) Prerequisite: BSCI223 and BSCI222. Recommended: BSCI330. Restriction: Junior standing or higher. The immune system in health and disease. Presentation and analysis of the cellular and molecular processes that comprise the immune system.

BSCI 423 Immunology Laboratory (2) Prerequisite: BSCI223 and BSCI222. Corequisite: BSCI422. Restriction: Junior standing or higher. Current techniques for assessment of immune status and evaluation of the immune response, including monoclonal antibody production, Western blotting, cytokine assays, ELISA and flow cytometry.

BSCI 424 Pathogenic Microbiology (4) Prerequisite: BSCI223. The role of bacteria and fungi in the diseases of humans with emphasis upon the differentiation and culture of microorganisms, types of disease, modes of disease transmission, prophylactic, therapeutic, and epidemiological aspects.

BSCI 425 Epidemiology and Public Health (3) Prerequisite: BSCI223. History, characteristic features of epidemiology; the important responsibilities of public health; vital statistics.

BSCI 426 Membrane Biophysics (3) Prerequisite: BSCI330; and (PHYS142 or PHYS122); and (MATH130 or MATH140). Quantitative aspects of biology and the use of mathematical descriptions of biological phenomena. The focus will be on membrane structure, transport, and bioenergetics.

BSCI 427 Principles of Microscopy (2) Prerequisite: BSCI421. An introduction to optical principles that underlie light and electron microscopic image formation. Brightfield, darkfield, phase contrast, differential interference contrast, fluorescence and polarized light microscopy. Comparison of light and electron microscopy. The application of these techniques to problems in biological research.

BSCI 430 Developmental Biology (3) Prerequisite: BSCI222 and BSCI330. Structural, functional and regulatory events and mechanisms that operate during development to produce an integrated, multicellular organism composed of a multitude of differentiated cell types.

BSCI 433 Biology of Cancer (3) Prerequisite: BSCI222 and BSCI330; or permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Causes and consequences of neoplastic transformations at the biochemical and cellular levels.

BSCI 434 Mammalian Histology (4) Prerequisite: BSCI330 and BSCI440; or permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. A study of the microscopic anatomy, ultrastructure and histophysiology of tissues and organs of mammals.

BSCI 436 Drug Action and Design (3) Restriction: Junior standing or higher. Formerly: MICB443. Introductory pharmacology with an emphasis on "magic bullets", novel therapies, and drug design.

BSCI 437 General Virology (3) Prerequisite: BSCI222; or permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Restriction: Junior standing or higher. Discussion of the physical and chemical nature of viruses, virus cultivation and assay methods, virus replication, viral diseases with emphasis on the oncogenic viruses, viral genetics, and characteristics of the major virus groups.

BSCI 440 Mammalian Physiology (4) Prerequisite: BSCI330; and (CHEM231 and CHEM232; or must have completed CHEM233). Or permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. A study of the cardiovascular, hemopoietic, gastrointestinal, renal and respiratory systems. Chemical and endocrine regulation of physiological functions in mammals. Course does not count as an upper level lab for BIOL majors (see BSCI441).

BSCI 441 Mammalian Physiology Laboratory (2) Prerequisite: Must have completed or be concurrently enrolled in BSCI440. Laboratory exercises in experimental mammalian physiology.

BSCI 442 Plant Physiology (4) Prerequisite: BSCI105. And must have completed CHEM233; or (CHEM231 and CHEM232). A survey of the general physiological activities of plants.

BSCI 443 Microbial Physiology (3) Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C- in BSCI223. And minimum grade of C- in BCHM461; or minimum grade of C- in BCHM463. Microbial cellular and population growth. Fermentation metabolism, physiology of anaerobiosis, and energy conservation and transformation in bacterial membranes. Efficiency of energy utilization for growth. Membrane structure and transport. Bacterial chemotaxis. Regulation of bacterial chromosome replication, RNA and protein synthesis. Control of metabolic pathways.

BSCI 446 Neural Systems (3) Prerequisite: BSCI330 or BSCI230. Neural development, followed by sensory, motor and integrative system organization in the central nervous system.

BSCI 447 General Endocrinology (3) Prerequisite: BSCI330, CHEM241, and CHEM242. Functions and the functioning of the endocrine glands of animals with special reference to the vertebrates.

BSCI 451 Physical Chemistry for Biologists (3) Prerequisite: BSCI330. Mechanistic and quantitative aspects of chemical and physical processes, including diffusion, ligand-receptor binding, DNA melting, sedimentation, redox reactions, kinetics, fluorescence, osmosis, and electrophoresis.

BSCI 453 Cellular Neurophysiology (3) Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C- in BSCI330, CHEM231, CHEM232, and PHYS122. The cellular and molecular basis of nervous system function.

BSCI 454 Neurobiology Laboratory (1) Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C- in BSCI330, CHEM231, CHEM232, and PHYS122. Corequisite: BSCI453 or BSCI446. Basic neuroanatomical techniques, intracellular and extracellular recordings of electrical potentials from nerve and muscle.

BSCI 460 Plant Ecology (3) Prerequisite: BSCI106. The dynamics of populations as affected by environmental factors with special emphasis on the structure and composition of natural plant communities, both terrestrial and aquatic.

BSCI 461 Plant Ecology Laboratory (2) Prerequisite: Must have completed or be concurrently enrolled in BSCI460. Two or three field trips per semester. The application of field and experimental methods to the qualitative and quantitative study of vegetation and ecosystems.

BSCI 462 Population Ecology (3) Prerequisite: MATH130 and BSCI106. Theory of population growth and regulation, life tables, and theory of competition and predation, evolution in ecological settings, community structure and dynamics.

BSCI 463 Laboratory and Field Ecology (2) Prerequisite: Must have completed or be concurrently enrolled in BSCI462; and must have completed or be concurrently enrolled in a course in statistics. Laboratory and field exercises involving problems of contemporary ecological interest; population density regulation, community structure, and spatial pattern diversity in both terrestrial and aquatic systems.

BSCI 464 Microbial Ecology (3) Prerequisite: BSCI223 and CHEM241. And must have completed CHEM243; or CHEM242. Interaction of microorganisms with the environment, other microorganisms and with higher organisms. Roles of microorganisms in the biosphere. Microorganisms and current environmental problems.

BSCI 465 Behavioral Ecology (3) Prerequisite: BSCI222 and BSCI106. How natural and social environments shape individual behavior. The influence of evolution on patterns of individual adaptation. Use of the evolutionary paradigm to investigate specific problems in animal and human behavior.

BSCI 467 Freshwater Biology (4) Prerequisite: Permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Biology and ecology of freshwater invertebrates in lotic and lentic habitats, their adaptation to aquatic life, their function in aquatic ecosystems, and their relationship to environmental deterioration. Laboratory will include field trips, demonstrations, and identifications.

BSCI 471 Molecular Evolution (3) Prerequisite: BSCI222; or permission of CMNS-Biology department. Patterns of DNA sequence variation within and between species, caused by nucleotide changes and the movement of transposable elements. Theories of molecular evolution, such as the neutral theory. Molecular clock hypothesis: its importance as a practical empirical tool in molecular genetics and systematics and its theoretical foundation.

BSCI 472 Evolutionary Biology of Plants (3) Prerequisite: BSCI222 and BSCI106. Evolution in plant populations. The pace, pattern, and mechanisms of evolution will be discussed within a genetic and ecological framework. Some emphasis will be placed on processes that are unique to the evolution of plants.

BSCI 473 Marine Ecology (3) Prerequisite: BSCI207. Courses in evolution and animal behavior are strongly recommended. A detailed analysis of the evolutionary ecology of marine invertebrates; emphasis on testing of theories and on current literature.

BSCI 474 Mathematical Biology (4) Prerequisite: MATH220 and MATH221; or (MATH131 and MATH130). Mathematical methods for analyzing deterministic and stochastic biological processes from a variety of areas (including population and evolutionary biology, neurobiology, physiology and morphogenesis). Qualitative aspects of dynamical systems which are usually given as difference or differential equations. The computer program Mathematica will be used to obtain the numerical solutions of these equations.

BSCI 480 Arthropod Form and Function (4) Prerequisite: Permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Survey of the morphological, systematic and physiological diversity of the phylum Arthropoda.

BSCI 481 Insect Diversity and Classification (4) Prerequisite: Permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. The techniques of collecting insects in the field and their classification into the latest hierarchical scheme. Field trips will visit habitats throughout the state. An insect collection is required.

BSCI 483 Medical and Veterinary Entomology (4) Prerequisite: Permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. A study of the morphology, taxonomy, biology and control of the arthropod parasites and disease vectors of man and animals. The ecology and behavior of vectors in relation to disease transmission will be emphasized.

BSCI 485 Protozoology (4) Prerequisite: Must have completed one year of biology. Basic conceptual treatment of free-living and parasitic protozoan functional morphology, life history, and systematics. The laboratory will stress observations of protozoa, living and stained, collected from diverse habits.

BSCI 488 Summer Biology Institutes (1-8) Prerequisite: Permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Repeatable to 12 credits if content differs.

BSCI 493 Medicinal and Poisonous Plants (3) Prerequisite: BSCI105; and must have completed CHEM233. Or 4 credits in BSCI courses. A study of plants important to humans that have medicinal or poisonous properties. Emphasis on plant source, plant description, the active agent and its beneficial or detrimental physiological action and effects.

BSCI 494 Animal-Plant Interactions (3) Prerequisite: BSCI106; and permission of CMNS-Biological Sciences UG Program. Theoretical, conceptual and applied aspects of the ecological interactions between plants and animals.

BSCI 497 Insect Pests of Ornamentals and Turf (4) The recognition, biology and management of insects and mites injurious to ornamental shrubs, trees, greenhouse crops, and turf. Emphasis on Integrated Pest Management (IPM).

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