Appendix D: UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND POLICY AND PROCEDURES ON THE DISCLOSURE OF STUDENT EDUCATION RECORDS III-6.30(A)
Appendix J: UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND PROCEDURES FOR REVIEW OF ALLEGED ARBITRARY AND CAPRICIOUS GRADING--UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS III-1.20(B)
Appendix M: UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND POLICY ON THE COLLECTION, USE AND PROTECTION OF ID NUMBERS VI-26.00(A)
Appendix O: UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND POLICY ON PROMOTING RESPONSIBLE ACTION IN MEDICAL EMERGENCIES (APPROVED BY THE PRESIDENT V-1.00(J)
Approved CoursesThe following list includes undergraduate courses that have been approved as of June 2010. Courses added after that date do not appear in this list. Courses eliminated after that date may still appear. Not every course is offered regularly. Students should consult the Schedule of Classes at www.testudo.umd.edu to ascertain which courses are actually offered during a given semester.
COURSE NUMBERING SYSTEM
Use the search box below to view the approved courses.
Courses in "HIST-History"
HIST - History
HIST 106 American Jewish Experience (3) Also offered as: JWST141. Credit only granted for: HIST106 or JWST141. History of the Jews in America from colonial times to the present. Emphasis on the waves of migration from Germany and Eastern Europe; the changing nature of the American Jewish community and its participation in American social, economic, and political life.
HIST 110 The Ancient World (3) Interpretation of select literature and art of the ancient Mediterranean world with a view to illuminating the antecedents of modern culture; religion and myth in the ancient Near East; Greek philosophical, scientific, and literary invention; and the Roman tradition in politics and administration.
HIST 111 The Medieval World (3) The development of Europe in the Middle Ages; the role of religious values in shaping new social, economic, and political institutions; medieval literature, art and architecture.
HIST 112 The Rise of the West: 1500 - 1789 (3) History of early modern Europe. Development of the national consciousness of European peoples. Evolution of state power and bureaucracy, economic institutions, art, literature, science, and religion.
HIST 113 The Making of Modern Europe (3) Evolution of modern nation states since late medieval times. Industrial-economic structure and demography. Emergence of modern secular society.
HIST 120 Islamic Civilization (3) Also offered as: RELS120. Credit only granted for: HIST120 or RELS120. Introduction to society and culture in the Middle East since the advent of Islam: as a personal and communal faith; as artistic and literary highlights of intellectual and cultural life; and as the interplay between politics and religion under the major Islamic regimes.
HIST 122 African Civilization to 1800 (3) History of Africa from earliest times to 1800. Topics of study include origins of African societies, Nile Valley civilization, medieval African states and societies, Islam, oral traditions, African slavery and the slave trade, and early African-European interactions.
HIST 123 Sub-Saharan Africa Since 1800 (3) Overviews early mid-19th-century changes in African societies, European conquest and African resistances in the late 19th-century, colonial states and societies, African nationalisms and decolonization and the independence era. Struggles over social, economic, and political changes are emphasized.
HIST 130 Hot Spots: Violence, Catastrophe and Civilian Conflict in Worldwide Historical Perspectives (3) Credit only granted for: HIST130 or HIST289A. Formerly: HIST289A. History behind late twentieth and early twenty-first century headlines; explores historical explanations for hot spots of unrest and civilian violence from the Congo to Srebrenica.
HIST 131 The History of the American Dream (3) Credit only granted for: HIST131 or HIST289J. Formerly: HIST289J. An introduction to the way Americans thought of themselves in the past, and their often conflicting visions of what constituted the American Dream. Central questions will include whether or not Americans have always envisioned their country as a land of equality, opportunity, democracy, and freedom and whether or not their ideas of what these values meant changed or remained the same over time.
HIST 132 Fighting Slavery (3) An examination of the different tools and tactics, means and methods that Americans have used to escape slavery or try to eliminate it.
HIST 133 "God Wills It!" The Crusades in Medieval and Modern Perspectives (3) Credit only granted for: HIST133, HIST289D, or RELS289D. Formerly: HIST289D. An examination of the identities and convictions both of the Western Europeans who participated in the Crusades and of the Easterners (Muslim, Christian, and Jewish) whom they encountered in the Holy Land. Focuses on the era of the first four great Crusades, from about 1095 to 1215. Consideration of the cultural impact of these movements on both Western Europe and the Middle East.
HIST 134 Spies, Assassins, Martyrs, and Witches: Famous Trials in American History (3) Examination of some of the most famous trials in American history and their enduring hold on the imagination.
HIST 135 Civil Discourse or Urban Riot: Why Cities Don't (Often) Explode (3) An examination of the mechanisms that promote peaceful co-existence in urban societies and a discussion of how and why city streets sometimes become violent.
HIST 136 Moneyland: Business in American Culture (3) Examines the interplay between America's stature as a business society and the public distrust of commerce, big business, and money.
HIST 137 Pursuits of Happiness: Ordinary Lives in the American Revolution (3) Credit only granted for: HIST289E or HIST137. Formerly: HIST289E. Investigates the search for personal fulfillment unleashed by the American Revolution; explores the many different meanings ascribed to the notion of the "pursuit of happiness" by Americans in the early national period.
HIST 141 Carbon: Element at the Center of History (3) Credit only granted for: HIST289B or HIST141. Formerly: HIST289B. Traces the history of the "carbon" economy and its impacts from the Industrial Revolution to the present; treats the role of modern dependence on fossil fuels and their role in geopolitics.
HIST 142 Looking at America through a Global Lens (3) Credit only granted for: HIST289I or HIST142. Formerly: HIST289I. Looking at America will focus on a thematic approach to the study of foreign -- negative and positive -- perceptions of America in the 20th century.
HIST 143 Power, Ritual, and Society in Western History (3) Credit only granted for: HIST289F or HIST143. Formerly: HIST289F. Introduces students to influential works of political thinking, in the Western tradition from classical Antiquity to the present, that treat the relationship between power, ritual, and society. Investigates ritual and its relationships to power, both in reality and the imagination of political thinkers.
HIST 200 Interpreting American History: Beginnings to 1877 (3) Credit only granted for: HIST156 or HIST200. Formerly: HIST156. The United States from colonial times to the end of the Civil War. Establishment and development of American institutions.
HIST 201 Interpreting American History: From 1865 to the Present (3) Credit only granted for: HIST157 or HIST201. Formerly: HIST157. The United States from the end of the Civil War to the present. Economic, social, intellectual, and political developments. Rise of industry and emergence of the United States as a world power.
HIST 204 Introduction to the History of Science (3) Credit only granted for: HIST174 or HIST204. Formerly: HIST174. An exploration of the roots of modern science from the ancient Greeks through the medieval and early modern periods. Focus on the men and women who helped to create the sciences and to change public perceptions of their disciplines.
HIST 205 Environmental History (3) An exploration of the way different societies have used, imagined, and managed nature. Includes examination of questions of land use, pollution, conservation, and the ideology of nature, especially but not exclusively in Europe and North America.
HIST 206 Introduction to the History of Technology (3) Credit only granted for: HIST175 or HIST206. Formerly: HIST175. Introduction to the history of major technological changes and innovations; examination of the revolutionizing potential of technology.
HIST 208 Historical Research and Methods Seminar (3) Restriction: Must be in History program. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Credit only granted for: HIST208 or HIST220. Formerly: HIST220. Reading and research skills and methods. Research papers will be based on the topic of the seminar.
HIST 209 Selected Topics (3)
HIST 210 Love, Labor, and Citizenship: Women in America to 1880 (3) Also offered as: WMST210. Credit only granted for: HIST210 or WMST210. An examination of the economic, family, and political roles of colonial, slave, immigrant, and frontier women in America from pre-industrial colonial period through the early stages of 19th-century industrialization and urbanization.
HIST 211 Love, Labor, and Citizenship: History of American Women Since 1880 (3) Also offered as: WMST211. Credit only granted for: HIST211 or WMST211. An examination of women's changing roles in working class and middle class families, the effects of industrialization on women's economic activities and status, and women's involvement in political and social struggles including those for women's rights, birth control, and civil rights.
HIST 212 Women in Western Europe, 1750-Present (3) Also offered as: WMST212. Credit only granted for: HIST212 or WMST212. An analysis of the economic, family, and political roles of European women from 1750 to the present. The effects of industrialization on women's work and status, the demographic parameters of women's lives, and women's participation in political events from market riots to suffrage struggles.
HIST 213 History of Sexuality in America (3) Credit only granted for: HIST213 or HIST219O. Formerly: HIST219O. Explores the social construction of sexualities from the first colonial settlement to the modern era in the United States. Analyzes the implications of these understandings for power relations in U.S history.
HIST 214 Rebellious Women (3) Credit only granted for: HIST214, HIST219B, or WMST298G. Formerly: HIST219B. Examination of British, French, and American women who rebelled against laws and cultural ideas that restricted women in their era. Explores changing assessments of these women across time.
HIST 215 Women in Western Europe to 1750 (3) Credit only granted for: HIST215 or HIST219A. Formerly: HIST219A. An exploration of the theories and rhetoric about the nature and existence of women in the West, focusing on the experience of women from the hegemony of Classical Greece to the French Revolution, an era that marks the beginning of a continuous process of change. Emphasis will be on the period between 1250 and 1750, when the Western European world was fundamentally altered in every aspect and in every level of society, culture, and government.
HIST 219 Special Topics in History (3)
HIST 220 The Atlantic World in the Age of Exploration, Conquest, and Settlement (3) Credit only granted for: HIST219V or HIST220. Formerly: HIST219V. Study of encounters, exchanges, and clashes between Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans in the early modern Atlantic World. Examines conquest and colonial systems; movement of men and women and mixing of peoples, and the persistence of native folkways.
HIST 221 Asian American History (3) Also offered as: AAST201. Credit only granted for: AAST201, HIST219G, HIST219M, or HIST221. Formerly: HIST219M and HIST219G. Introduction to the history of Asian Americans in the United States and the Americas and to the field of Asian American Studies, from an interdisciplinary perspective. Topics include theories of race and ethnicity; Asian migration and diaspora to the Americas; Asian American work and labor issues; gender, family, and communities; nationalism and nativism, and anti-Asian movements; Asian Americans in World War II, the Cold War, and the issues in the civil rights & post-civil rights era.
HIST 222 Immigration and Ethnicity in America (3) Also offered as: AAST222. Credit only granted for: AAST222, AAST298A, HIST219L, or HIST222. Formerly: HIST219L. The history of immigration and the development of diverse populations i the United States are examined. Topics include related political controversies, the social experiences of immigrants, ethnicity, generations, migration, inter-group relations, race, and diversity in American culture.
HIST 224 Modern Military History, 1494-1815 (3) Survey of the military history of Europe through an examination of the economic, financial, strategic, tactical, and technological aspects of the development of military institutions and warfare from the dynastic wars of the Valois and Habsburgs to the national wars of the French Revolution and Napoleonic Empire.
HIST 225 Modern Military History, 1815-Present (3) The military history of Europe through an examination of the economic, financial, strategic, tactical, and technological aspects of the development of military institutions and warfare from the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to the present.
HIST 232 The Historical Development of London (3) Restriction: Permission of Study Abroad Office required. Credit only granted for: GNED288 and HIST232. Formerly: GNED288. Study Abroad in London, England. The history of London, beginning with its foundation by the Romans, continuing with the city's progressive political and cultural domination of England, the British Isles and the British Empire, and concluding with a look at the city in the 20th century. Students look at London through the eyes of contemporaries and historians while forming their own impressions of the city during course-based walking tours of the city.
HIST 233 Empire! The British Imperial Experience 1558-1997 (3) Credit only granted for: HIST219P or HIST233. Formerly: HIST219P. Britain's empire from the mid-sixteenth century to the late twentieth century, focusing on the encounter between Britain and indigenous peoples. Topics include the origins of British imperialism in Ireland and North America, the slave trade, the East India Company and India, women in empire, transportation and the making of Australia, sex in empire, missionaries, racial theories, and decolonization.
HIST 234 History of Britain to 1485 (3) British history from Roman times to the 15th century. The Anglo-Saxon, Scandinavian, and Norman invasions; the coming of Christianity; Magna Carta, the development of Parliament, legal institutions, and the Common Law; the decline of medieval kingship.
HIST 235 History of Britain 1461 to 1714 (3) British history from the War of the Roses to the Hanoverian succession; Yorkist and Tudor society and politics; the Renaissance and Reformation in England, Henry VIII through Elizabeth I; 17th-century crises and revolutions; intellectual and cultural changes; the beginnings of empire; the achievement of political and intellectual order.
HIST 236 History of Britain 1688 to Present (3) British history from the Glorious Revolution of 1688 to the present. The revolution of 1688; the structure of 18th-century society and politics; economic and social change in the Industrial Revolution; 19th- and 20th-century political and social reform; imperialism; the impact of the First and Second World Wars on British society.
HIST 237 Russian Civilization (3) An overview of Russian history stressing the main lines of development of the Russian state and the evolution of Russian culture to the present day.
HIST 240 Europe in the Twentieth Century (3) Credit only granted for: HIST240 or HIST337. Formerly: HIST337. Political, cultural, and economic developments in 20th-century Europe.
HIST 250 Colonial Latin America (3) Introductory survey of the history of Latin America from pre-Columbian Indian cultures to the beginning of the wars for independence (ca. 1810), covering cultural, political, social, and economic developments. Major themes include conquest, colonialism, indigenous culture, African slavery, religion, race and ethnicity, and gender ideologies.
HIST 251 Latin America Since Independence (3) Introductory survey of the history of Latin America from the era of independence (c. 1810-1825) through the early 1980s. Major themes include independence and sovereignty, postcolonialism and neocolonialism, nation- and state-building, liberalism, citizenship, economic development and modernization, social organization and stratification, race and ethnicity, gender relations, identity politics, reform and revolution, authoritarianism and democratization, and inter-American relations.
HIST 254 African-American History to 1865 (3) Survey of the principal developments in the history and culture of the peoples of African descent in colonial North America and the United States to 1865. Examines the African past, the Atlantic slave trade, variation in slavery, the growth of free black communities, the transformations of families and cultural forms, and patterns of resistance.
HIST 255 African-American History, 1865 - Present (3) An introductory course in the African-American experience in the United States from 1865 to the present. Topics include the aftermath of the Civil War on US race relations, the rise of segregation, northern migration, World War I and II, Civil Rights Movements, and the Black Power Movement.
HIST 266 The United States in World Affairs (3) A study of the United States as an emerging world power and the American response to changing status in world affairs. Emphasis on the relationship between internal and external development of the nation.
HIST 269 Special Topics in Study Abroad II (1-6) Repeatable to 15 credits if content differs. Special topics course taken as part of an approved study abroad program.
HIST 275 Law and Constitutionalism in American History (3) An exploration of the relationship between law and the social and political order between 1750 and 1950. Discussion of important historical issues--religious liberty, economic development, slavery and the Civil War, the political economy of industrialization, the creation of the modern state--from a legal and constitutional perspective.
HIST 280 Reconstructing the Civilization of Ancient Mesopotamia (3) Also offered as: JWST227. Credit only granted for: HIST280 or JWST227. Formerly: HEBR440. History and culture of Ancient Mesopotamia, as reconstructed from archaeology, language, and texts of the region. Emphasis on culture, literature, religion, and institutions.
HIST 281 The Rabbinic Movement: History and Culture (3) Also offered as: JWST230. Credit only granted for: HIST281 or JWST230. Introduction to the Rabbinic movement and its history, first to seventh century CE. Survey of the essential texts of ancient Rabbinic literature, both halakhic (legal) and aggadic (non-legal).
HIST 282 History of the Jewish People I (3) Also offered as: JWST234. Credit only granted for: HIST282 or JWST234. Political, economic, social, and cultural development within Jewish history from the Biblical period to the late Middle Ages. Special attention to the emergence of Rabbinic Judaism and its subsequent encounter with medieval Christian and Islamic civilizations.
HIST 283 History of the Jewish People II (3) Credit only granted for: HIST283, HIST283H, JWST235, or JWST235H. Political, economic, social, and cultural development within Jewish history from the end of Middle Ages to the present. Special attention to twentieth-century developments including the Nazi holocaust and its aftermath, the Zionist movement and the creation of the State of Israel; rise of the contemporary American Jewish community.
HIST 284 East Asian Civilization I (3) An interdisciplinary survey of the development of East Asian cultures. An historical approach drawing on all facets of East Asian traditional life, to gain an appreciation of the different and complex cultures of the area.
HIST 285 East Asian Civilization II (3) A survey of the historical development of modern Asia since 1700. Primarily concerned with the efforts of East Asians to preserve their traditional cultures in the face of Western expansion in the 18th and 19th centuries, and their attempts to survive as nations in the 20th century.
HIST 286 The Jew and the City through the Centuries (3) Also offered as: JWST275. Credit only granted for: HIST286 or JWST275. Jewish urban experience from ancient times to the present. Public space and private space. The city and the sacred. Jewish ghettos and quarters. The struggle over modern Jerusalem.
HIST 299 Directed Research (1-3) Restriction: Permission of ARHU-History department. Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. Closely guided research in primary sources for students currently enrolled in selected 100- or 200-level surveys in the Department of History.
HIST 301 Cinema and Colonialism (3) Credit only granted for: HIST301 or HIST419W. Formerly: HIST419W. Follows the ideas and ideals of Western and non-Western colonialism and the echoes of colonialism's history through twentieth-century cinema. Investigates colonial events and processes, including the West's cultural and political imperialism. Draws on leading historians of the colonial world and theorists of the visual to examine what imperialism was and is, both on the ground and in the popular mind of the West.
HIST 304 The Baddest Decade: The 1970s in American Film and American History (3) Prerequisite: HIST201. Also offered as: FILM352. Credit only granted for: HIST304 or FILM352. The history of the United States and of its cinema in the 1970s.
HIST 306 History of Religion in America (3) Prerequisite: HIST200, HIST201, HIST210, HIST211, HIST213, HIST254, or HIST255; or must have completed HIST156 or HIST157; or permission of instructor. Also offered as: RELS346. Credit only granted for: HIST306 or RELS346. A history of religion, religious movements, and churches in America from the early Colonial period to the present, with special attention to the relation between church and society.
HIST 307 The Holocaust of European Jewry (3) Also offered as: JWST345. Credit only granted for: HIST307 or JWST345. Roots of Nazi Jewish policy in the l930's and during World War II: the process of destruction and the implementation of the "final solution of the Jewish problem" in Europe, and the responses made by the Jews to their concentration and annihilation.
HIST 310 History of South Africa (3) Formerly: HIST419E. Explores the roots of Apartheid and the anti-Apartheid movement from precolonial times to the present: the social history of work and identity, the rise of kingdoms (Zulu, Sotho), conquest and colonial administration, urban and rural mass politics, gender relations, and the transition to democracy.
HIST 311 History of West Africa (3) Prerequisite: HIST122 or HIST123; or students who have taken courses with comparable content may contact the department. Credit only granted for: HIST219J or HIST311. Formerly: HIST219J. An exploration of the history of West Africa from the nineteenth century until independence in 1960. Emphasis on transition from pre-colonial African states and societies to colonialism and the birth of modern nation-states in the era of independence.
HIST 314 Crisis and Change in the Middle East and Africa (3) Prerequisite: 1 course in HIST. Major historical crises, controversies, and readjustments in the Middle East and Africa.
HIST 319 Special Topics in History (3) Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs.
HIST 320 Early Christianity: Jesus to Constantine (3) Prerequisite: Must have completed one course in ancient history at the 200 level. Also offered as: JWST331. Credit only granted for: HIST320 or JWST331. Social and religious history of early Christianity from its origins in the first century to the reign of Constantine.
HIST 321 Biblical History and Culture (3) Also offered as: JWST324. Credit only granted for: HIST321 or JWST324. Formerly: HEBR333. Study of the political, social, and religious development of the Jewish nation from its inception to its return from exile in Babylonia around 536 C.E. Focus on biblical texts, archaeological finds, and source materials from neighboring cultures to reconstruct political history and the development of religious concepts.
HIST 324 Classical Greece (3) The ancient Greeks from Homer to Socrates, 800-400 B.C. Society and religion of the city-state, the art and literature of Periclean Athens, the Peloponnesian War, and the intellectual circle of Socrates.
HIST 325 Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age (3) Prerequisite: HIST111 or HIST110; or permission of instructor. History of the Greeks 400-30 B.C.: Alexander and the changes he wrought in the Mediterranean world; the rise of monarchies and leagues; new directions in religion, art, literature, and science; and Hellenization of the Near East, including the Jews.
HIST 326 The Roman Republic (3) Prerequisite: HIST111 or HIST110; or permission of instructor. Ancient Rome 753-44 B.C., from its founding to the assassination of Julius Caesar. Rome's conquest of the Mediterranean world, the social and political forces that brought it about, and the consequent transformation and decline of the Republic.
HIST 327 The Roman Empire (3) Roman history from Augustus to Heraclius, 44BC-641AD: The Imperial court and government; the diversity of culture in provinces and cities and the progress of Romanization; Roman religion and its transformation in late antiquity; the Roman army and defense of the frontiers.
HIST 328 Selected Topics in History (3) Repeatable to 9 credits.
HIST 329 Special Topics in History (1-3) Repeatable to 9 credits.
HIST 330 Europe in the Making: The Early Medieval West (A.D. 300-1000) (3) Also offered as: RELS340. Credit only granted for: HIST330 or RELS340. From one empire to another: Rome to Charlemagne. This period is approached as a crucible in which classical, Christian, and Germanic elements merged, yielding new experimental syntheses. This course will deal with issues of authority, cultural trends, and the formation of group solidarity.
HIST 331 Europe in the High Middle Ages: 1000-1500 (3) Also offered as: RELS341. Credit only granted for: HIST331 or RELS341. Medieval civilization in the 11th through 15th centuries. Emphasis on cultural and political developments of the high Middle Ages with study of the principal sources of medieval thought and learning, art and architecture, and political theory prior to the Renaissance.
HIST 332 Renaissance Europe (3) Prerequisite: HIST112 or HIST111; or permission of instructor. Also offered as: RELS342. Credit only granted for: HIST332 or RELS342. Intellectual developments in Italy and Northern Europe from 1300 to 1550 and their influence on the arts and religion; social and economic trends, including the rise of the commercial economy in cities; the family and the role of women in society; expansion of Europe overseas and the beginnings of colonization; emergence of the state and consequent changes in political theory.
HIST 333 The European Reformations (3) Prerequisite: HIST111 or HIST112; or permission of instructor required. Also offered as: RELS343. Credit only granted for: HIST333 or RELS343. Examination of developments in European religion between 1450 and 1700; the late-medieval Church and its critics; rise of Protestant thought in Germany and its spread throughout Europe; reform efforts in the Catholic Church; religious wars and violence and their impact on state and society; consequences of religious reform in society and its impact on the family and women.
HIST 336 Europe in the 19th Century, 1815-1919 (3) The political, economic, social, and cultural development of Europe from the Congress of Vienna to the First World War.
HIST 340 Nationalism and Communism in Eastern Europe (3) National states, ethnic conflict and communist parties across the 20th century, including the collapse of the Soviet bloc regimes and the break-up of Yugoslavia.
HIST 342 Fascism: Theory and Practice (3) The origins and history of fascism in Europe, 1918-1945. Emphasis divided between the industrialized (or industrializing) nations and the largely agrarian countries of Europe. The rise of fascism in other parts of the world.
HIST 344 Revolutionary Russia (3) An exploration of the roots, dynamics, and consequences of the Russian Revolution of 1917. Major interpretations of the fall of tsarism, social and political forces at play, Leninism and Stalinism.
HIST 347 History of Crime and Punishment (3) Emphasis on the historical development of law enforcement agencies, criminal jurisdictions, and trial procedure, 1500-1800. Nature of principal felonies and major trends in crime; penal theory and practice in historical perspective.
HIST 352 America in the Colonial Era, 1600-1763 (3) Prerequisite: HIST200, HIST210, HIST213, or HIST254; or must have completed HIST156; or permission of instructor. The founding of the English colonies in America and their European backgrounds, the reasons for the instability of colonial society to 1689 and the emergence of stable societies after 1689; the development of colonial regionalism, political institutions, social divisions, the economy, religion, education, urban and frontier problems in the eighteenth century.
HIST 353 America in the Revolutionary Era, 1763-1815 (3) Prerequisite: HIST200, HIST210, HIST213, HIST254, or HIST275; or must have completed HIST156; or permission of instructor. The background and course of the American Revolution and early nationhood through the War of 1812. Emphasis on how the Revolution shaped American political and social development, the creation of a new government under the Constitution, and the challenges facing the new nation.
HIST 354 Ante-Bellum America 1815-1861 (3) Prerequisite: HIST200, HIST210, HIST213, HIST222, HIST254, or HIST275; or must have completed HIST156; or permission of instructor. Traces how the strong nationalism after the War of 1812 transformed int the sectionalism that led to Civil War. The course concentrates on the controversies over slavery and other issues contributing to North-South antagonism, including Jacksonian democracy, capitalism, racism, immigration, manifest destiny and religious, social, and intellectual movements, each of which produced its own social tendencies and tensions.
HIST 355 Civil War and the Rise of Industrialization, 1860-1900 (3) Prerequisite: HIST200, HIST201, HIST210, HIST213, HIST222, HIST254, HIST255, or HIST275; or must have completed HIST156 or HIST157; or permission of instructor. Credit only granted for: HIST355 or HIST364. Civil War, sectional and class conflicts and their impact on American life and institutions from the beginning of the Civil War through the Gilded Age; social, economic, and political reconstruction of the Union; industrialization, urbanization, and technological changes.
HIST 356 Emergence of Modern America, 1900-1945 (3) Prerequisite: HIST201, HIST211, HIST213, HIST222, HIST255, or HIST275; or must have completed HIST157; or permission of instructor. The emergence of modern institutions and identities, 1900-1945. These institutions may include corporate enterprises and the welfare state; identities include homosexuality, the New Woman, and the New Negro.
HIST 357 Recent America: 1945-Present (3) Prerequisite: HIST201, HIST211, HIST213, HIST222, HIST255, or HIST275; or must have completed HIST157; or permission of instructor. American history from the inauguration of Harry S. Truman to the present with emphasis upon politics and foreign relations, but with consideration of special topics such as radicalism, conservatism, and labor.
HIST 360 Women and the Civil Rights Movement (3) Twentieth-century U.S. civil rights movement from the vantage point of women, considering both women's involvement in the legal campaigns and political protests and the impact of civil rights struggles on women's condition, status, and identity.
HIST 361 Metropolitan Change and Modern America: Cities, Suburbs, Hinterlands (3) Prerequisite: HIST201, HIST211, HIST222, or HIST255; or must have completed HIST157; or permission of instructor. Credit only granted for: HIST419B or HIST361. Formerly: HIST419B. An exploration of the forces that have transformed metropolitan and rural life since the mid-19th century. What role have politics, policy, economics, and ideology/culture played in creating an urbanized and then a "suburbanized" nation?
HIST 369 Special Topics in Study Abroad III (1-6) Repeatable to 15 credits if content differs. Special topics course taken as part of an approved study abroad program.
HIST 370 Jews and Judaism in Antiquity I: Sixth Century BCE through the First Century CE (3) Also offered as: JWST325. Credit only granted for: HIST370 or JWST325. Political, social, and religious history of the Jews from the Persian period to the Judean revolt of 66-70 CE. Special attention to the rise of sectarian and revolutionary movements.
HIST 371 Jews and Judaism in Antiquity II: First through Seventh Century (3) Recommended: HIST370. Also offered as: JWST326. Credit only granted for: HIST371 or JWST326. Political, social, and religious history of the Jews from the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple in 70 CE to the Muslim conquests. Special attention to the political transformation of Judaism under late Roman Christianity, and the rise of the Rabbinic movement.
HIST 373 Jews in Early Modern Times 1450-1750 (3) Recommended: HIST282 or JWST234. Also offered as: JWST333. Credit only granted for: JWST333, HIST373, HIST418C/JWST419C (Fall 2006, Fall 2004) or HIST419C/JWST419Y (Spring 2001). Formerly: HIST419C. Emergence of new powerful population centers, religious and cultural creativity, new forms of community, and radical messianic movements.
HIST 374 Modern Jewish History I: The Road to Emancipation, 1650-1870 (3) Also offered as: JWST343. Credit only granted for: HIST374 or JWST343. Social, political, economic, and cultural change in the Jewish world since 1650. Emphasis on emancipation, assimilation, and new forms of Jewish identity in Western and Eastern European Jewry from the 17th to the 20th centuries.
HIST 375 Modern Jewish History II: World Jewry Since 1870 (3) Also offered as: JWST344. Credit only granted for: HIST375 or JWST344. Continuation of HIST374.
HIST 376 History of Zionism and the State of Israel (3) Also offered as: ISRL342. Credit only granted for: HIST376, ISRL342, or JWST342. Ideological and political factors leading to the establishment of a secular Jewish state in 1948; Zionist thought of Herzl, Ahad Ha-am, the socialist and religious Zionists, and the revisionists; diplomatic activities; Arab-Israel conflict; post-1948 Israeli society.
HIST 380 American Relations with China and Japan, 1740-Present (3) American political, economic, and cultural relations with China and Japan from the American colonial era to the present. Diplomacy and power politics; Christian missions; immigration and exclusion; overseas education; art and literature; trade, investment, technology.
HIST 386 Experiential Learning (3-6) Restriction: Permission of ARHU-History department; and junior standing or higher. The History Department's Internship program. Pre-professional experience in historical research, analysis, and writing in a variety of work settings.
HIST 392 History of the Contemporary Middle East (3) Modernization, westernization and secularization in a traditional society; the rise of sovereign nation-states; shifting political and economic power groupings within a regional and global context.
HIST 395 Honors Colloquium I (3) Restriction: Permission of ARHU-History department; and must be in History program. History and theory: the conceptual underpinnings of the historical discipline. Students evaluate several contrasting theories of history. Prerequisite for other honors courses.
HIST 396 Honors Colloquium II (3) Prerequisite: Permission of ARHU-History department; or HIST395. Restriction: Must be in History program. Uses a seminar approach to examine a major problem of historical interpretation across two or more diverse cultures in different periods. Topics vary and include: religion and society, the city in history, gender, slavery and emancipation, and modernization.
HIST 398 Honors Thesis I (3) Prerequisite: HIST395 and HIST396. Restriction: Must be in History Honors program. Individual research and preparation of History Honors Theses.
HIST 399 Honors Thesis II (3) Prerequisite: HIST395, HIST396, and HIST398. Restriction: Must be in the History Honors program. Formerly: HIST398. Individualized research and preparation of History Honors Theses.
HIST 401 Science and Gender (3) Credit only granted for: HIST401 or HIST429R. Formerly: HIST429R. Examines the role of women and gender in the history of science. Includes consideration of barriers to women's participation in science; women's role as scientific subjects and researchers; and questions about the scientific construction of gender and the gendered construction of science.
HIST 402 The Development of Modern Physical Science: From Newton to Einstein (3) Prerequisite: MATH110. And PHYS117; or students who have taken courses with comparable content may contact the department. The history of physics in the 18th and 19th centuries, including connections with mathematics, technology, chemistry, and planetary science. Emphasis on internal technical developments in physical theory, with discussion of experimental, philosophical, and sociological aspects. This is the second part of a three-semester sequence (HIST401, HIST402, PHYS490); each part may be taken independently of the others.
HIST 404 History of Modern Biology (3) The internal development of biology in the 19th and 20th centuries, including evolution, cell theory, heredity and development, spontaneous generation, and mechanism-vitalism controversies. The philosophical aspects of the development of scientific knowledge and the interaction of biology with chemistry and physics.
HIST 405 Environmental History (3) An introduction to the key issues and methods of environmental history. The scope of the subject is discussed, as well as its relationship with other disciplines, such as ecology, anthropology, and geography. A primary focus is environmental change in history with emphasis on the American experience.
HIST 406 History of Technology (3) The changing character of technology in modern history, beginning with the Middle Ages. Concentrates on the Industrial Revolution and its aftermath, the nature of technological knowledge and the sources of technological change.
HIST 407 Technology and Social Change in History (3) Social consequences of technological innovations and the ways in which societies have coped with new technologies.
HIST 408 Senior Seminar (3) Restriction: Must be in History program. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. A capstone course for history majors, designed to increase historical knowledge and the ability to analyze texts and arguments. Topics will focus on the literature of a particular field and primary-source research.
HIST 412 History of Women and Gender in Africa (3) Prerequisite: HIST122 or HIST123; or permission of ARHU-History department. Credit only granted for: HIST412 or HIST428L. Formerly: HIST428L. An examination of socio-economic and cultural change in Africa from the dawn of the colonial era in the 19th century to independence in the mid-twentieth century. Major focus on how African women understood and responded to the expansion of European empires, changes in the colonial economy, and impact of westernization and urbanization.
HIST 413 Revolutionary Prophets: Political and Religious Movements in Africa and the Atlantic World (3) Recommended: HIST122 or HIST123. Credit only granted for: HIST413 or HIST419V. Formerly: HIST419V. In the expanding nineteenth-century and twentieth-century culture of the "Black Atlantic" world, investigates the intersection of African cultures, modern nationalism, prophetism, millenarianism, and social change.
HIST 415 Ideas and Politics in Europe Since 1900 (3) Prerequisite: HIST240 or HIST113; or permission of instructor. Restriction: Junior standing or higher; or permission of instructor. Examination of intersection of ideas and politics in Europe since 1900. Focus will be on advocates of liberalism, social democracy, fascism, Nazism, communism, and conservatism and their impact on politics and policy since 1900.
HIST 416 History of Slavery and the Slave Trade in Africa (3) Credit only granted for: HIST416 or HIST419Y. Formerly: HIST419Y. Examines the history and impact of the slave trade on African states, societies, and economies. Investigates the meaning of slavery in Africa, the local uses of slavery there and Africa's connections to the Trans-Saharan, Red Sea, and Trans-Atlantic slave trades.
HIST 417 Colonial Encounters: Natives, Spaniards, and Africans in the New World (3) Recommended: HIST250; and completion of HIST219V recommended. Credit only granted for: HIST417 or HIST428Y. Formerly: HIST428Y. An exploration of the discourses and practices of the Spanish colonial project in the New World and the ways in which Indians and Blacks were incorporated into or excluded from that project. Also examines native and African resistance and adaptation to Spanish rule, and the process of transformation and hybridization of Spanish, native and African cultures in Spanish America. An analysis of recent historiographical developments that have profoundly changed the understanding of the Spanish conquest and colonization of the New World.
HIST 418 Jews and Judaism: Selected Historical Topics (3) Prerequisite: HIST281, HIST283, HIST106, HIST286, or HIST282; or permission of instructor. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs.
HIST 419 Special Topics in History (3) Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs.
HIST 421 Medieval Heresies (3) Credit only granted for: HIST408L or HIST421. Formerly: HIST408L. An examination of twelfth- and thirteenth-century heresies in the medieval West. Consideration of why so many heretics emerged, and how the church attempted to deal with them, and what effect their persecution had on Europe both then and later. Special attention given to groups that stood on the fine line between heresy and orthodox religion.
HIST 425 Imperial Russia (3) The rise and fall of the Russian Empire, Peter the Great to the collapse of tsarism in revolution. Emphasis on the evolution of autocracy, social groups, national identities, and cultural change.
HIST 426 Age of Industry: Britain 1760 to 1914 (3) An economic, social, political, and cultural analysis of Britain in the age of its industrial supremacy. The nature of the first industrial revolution; the emergence of modern social classes; the cultural impact of industrialization; politics and society in the early and mid-19th century; Victorianism and its critics; imperialism and politics; high and low culture; the rise of labor; social and political tensions 1910-1914.
HIST 427 Age of Decline: Britain 1914 to Present (3) British society since the First World War. The social, cultural, economic, and political impact of the First World War; labor and politics in the 1920s and 1930s; the inter-war Depression, appeasement and foreign policy; the social impact of the Second World War; the welfare state and nationalization of industry; the dissolution of Empire; the emergence of a consumer society; social criticism in the 1950s; the economic and political problems of the 1960s and 1970s.
HIST 428 Selected Topics in History (3) Repeatable to 9 credits.
HIST 429 Special Topics in History (3) Repeatable to 9 credits.
HIST 430 Tudor England (3) An examination of the political, religious, and social forces in English life, 1485-1603, with special emphasis on Tudor government, the English reformation, and the Elizabethan era.
HIST 431 Stuart England (3) An examination of the political, religious, and social forces in English life, 1603-1714, with special emphasis on Puritanism and the English revolutions.
HIST 433 Strategic Military Theory: Clausewitz (3) Credit only granted for: HIST419J or HIST433. Formerly: HIST419J. An exploration of Clausewitzian thought. Topics include the conduct of fighting and war planning, the relationship of war and politics, guerrilla war, the principles of concentration of force, the Clausewitzian trinity, absolute war and real war, unlimited and limited war, the relative strengths of the defense and the attack, and the intuitive sources of strategic decision.
HIST 436 Napoleon, the French Revolution, and the World (3) An argument for the broad continuity between the revolutionary and Napoleonic wars.
HIST 437 Modern France from Napoleon to DeGaulle (3) The changing political and cultural values of French society in response to recurrent crises throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. Students should have had some previous survey of either Western civilization or European history.
HIST 440 Germany in the Nineteenth Century, 1815-1914 (3) Examines the social, economic, cultural, and political development of the major German states before 1871 and of Germany, excluding Austria, from 1871 to 1914.
HIST 441 Germany in the Twentieth Century: 1914-Present (3) Prerequisite: HIST240 or HIST113; or permission of instructor. Germany's aims and policies during World War I, its condition and policies in the inter-war period, the rise of National Socialism, World War II, and post-war Germany.
HIST 442 Twentieth-Century Russia (3) Russia and the Soviet Union from the fall of the tsars to the post- communist present. Impact of Leninism, Stalinism, and Soviet Communism on state, society, culture, and nationality.
HIST 443 Modern Balkan History (3) Prerequisite: HIST240 or HIST113; or permission of instructor. A political, socioeconomic, and cultural history of Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Romania, Greece, and Albania from the breakdown of Ottoman domination to the present. Emphasis is on movements for national liberation during the 19th century and on approaches to modernization in the 20th century.
HIST 446 Old Regime France, 1589-1789 (3) Credit only granted for: HIST419I or HIST446. Formerly: HIST419I. An exploration of the demographic patterns of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Examination of arguments that the population was governed by Malthusian constraints; the social structure of the time; the nature of the elites; the debate over the phrase "rise of the bourgeoise"; the Enlightenment both as an intellectual phenomenon and as a social agent; and arguments that Enlightenment led to the desacralization of the monarchy.
HIST 447 Riot, Law, and Justice in European History (3) Credit only granted for: HIST428C or HIST447. Formerly: HIST428C. An examination of the role of violence and the attempt of law to contain or punish it. Major interpretations of societal codes of honor, retribution, and punishment, and how violence is governed by these codes.
HIST 450 Economic History of the United States to 1865 (3) Prerequisite: HIST200, HIST210, HIST213, HIST222, HIST254, HIST275, or HIST311; or must have completed HIST156; or permission of instructor. The development of the American economy from Columbus through the Civil War.
HIST 451 Economic History of the United States After 1865 (3) Prerequisite: HIST201, HIST211, HIST213, HIST222, HIST255, or HIST275; or must have completed HIST157; or permission of instructor. The evolution of the U.S. economy from the end of the Civil War to the present; emphasis on macroeconomic policy making and relations among business, government, and organized labor.
HIST 452 Diplomatic History of the United States to 1914 (3) American foreign relations from the American Revolution to the beginning of World War I. International developments and domestic influences that contributed to American expansion in world affairs. Analyses of significant individuals active in American diplomacy and foreign policy.
HIST 453 Diplomatic History of the United States from 1914 (3) American foreign relations in the 20th century. World War I, the Great Depression, World War II, the Cold War, the Korean War, and Vietnam. A continuation of HIST452.
HIST 454 Constitutional History of the United States: From Colonial Origins to 1860 (3) The interaction of government, law, and politics in the constitutional system. The nature and purpose of constitutions and constitutionalism; the relationship between the constitution and social forces and influences, the way in which constitutional principles, rules, ideas, and institutions affect events and are in turn affected by events. The origins of American politics and constitutionalism through the Constitutional Convention of 1787. Major constitutional problems such as the origins of judicial review, democratization of government, slavery in the territories and political system as a whole.
HIST 455 Constitutional History of the United States: Since 1860 (3) American public law and government, with emphasis on the interaction of government, law, and politics. Emphasis on the political-constitutional system as a whole, rather than simply the development of constitutional law by the Supreme Court. Major crises in American government and politics such as Civil War, Reconstruction, the 1890s, the New Deal era, the civil disorders of the 1960s.
HIST 456 History of American Culture and Ideas to 1865 (3) The culture and ideas that have shaped American society and character from the first settlements to the Civil War.
HIST 457 History of American Culture and Ideas Since 1865 (3) Prerequisite: HIST201, HIST211, HIST213, HIST222, HIST255, or HIST275; or must have completed HIST157; or permission of instructor. A continuation of HIST456, from the Civil War to the present.
HIST 459 Society in America: Historical Topics (3) Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. A consideration of selected aspects of American society from colonial times to the present. Special emphasis on regionalism, immigration, nativism, minorities, urbanization, and social responses to technological changes.
HIST 460 History of Labor in the United States (3) Prerequisite: HIST200, HIST201, HIST210, HIST211, HIST222, HIST255, or HIST275; or must have completed HIST156 or HIST157; or permission of instructor. The American working class in terms of its composition; its myths and utopias; its social conditions; and its impact on American institutions.
HIST 461 Blacks in American Life: 1865 to Present (3) Prerequisite: HIST201, HIST210, HIST211, HIST222, HIST254, HIST255, or HIST275; or must have completed HIST157; or permission of instructor. The role of the Black in America since slavery, with emphasis on 20th-century developments: migration from farm to city; growth of the civil rights movement; the race question as a national problem.
HIST 462 The United States Civil War (3) Prerequisite: HIST200, HIST213, HIST222, HIST254, or HIST275; or must have completed HIST156; or permission of instructor. Causes of the Civil War; sectional politics and secession; resources and strategy of the Confederacy and the Union; changing character of the war; emancipation and its consequences: economic, social, and political conditions on the home front; and the wartime origins of Reconstruction. Not a military history course; little attention to the tactics of particular battles.
HIST 463 History of the Old South (3) The golden age of the Chesapeake, the institution of slavery, the frontier South, the antebellum plantation society, the development of regional identity, and the experiment in independence.
HIST 464 The North Atlantic World in the Early Modern Period, 1600-1800 (3) The American Colonies and the new American nation: their European heritage and influences.
HIST 466 Immigration and Ethnicity in the U.S. (3) Prerequisite: AAST200, AAST201, AAST222, HIST200, HIST201, HIST221, or HIST222; or must have completed HIST156 or HIST157; or permission of ARHU-History department. Credit only granted for: AAST498L or HIST466. Seminar exploring historical problems relating to US immigration, race, and ethnicity since 1848, with emphasis on cultural impacts of migration on immigrants, their children, and U.S. society.
HIST 467 Women and Reform Movements in the Twentieth-Century United States (3) Recommended: HIST201, HIST211, or HIST255. Credit only granted for: HIST466 or HIST429E. Formerly: HIST429E. Investigation of women's participation in such twentieth-century reform movements as the labor movement, the struggle for racial justice, social welfare reform, and women's movements. Will ask how race, class, and gender were implicated in the ways that women agitated for social political change.
HIST 469 Study Abroad Special Topics IV (1-6) Repeatable to 15 credits if content differs. Special topics course taken as part of an approved study abroad program.
HIST 471 History of Brazil (3) Prerequisite: LASC234, HIST251, HIST250, or LASC235; or permission of instructor. The history of Brazil with emphasis on the national period.
HIST 472 History of the Argentine Republic (3) Concentration upon the recent history of Argentina with emphasis upon the social and economic development of a Third World nation.
HIST 473 History of the Caribbean (3) Prerequisite: HIST112, HIST113, HIST122, HIST123, HIST240, HIST250, or HIST251. Offers a concise introduction to the history of the Caribbean regions from the Columbian voyages to the 20th century. Special emphasis is given to the dynamics of local social and cultural formations within the framework of the political and economic history of the Atlantic world.
HIST 474 History of Mexico and Central America I (3) Prerequisite: LASC234, HIST251, or LASC235; or permission of instructor. History of Mexico and Central America, beginning with the pre-Spanish Indian cultures and continuing through European contact, conquest, and colonial dominance, down to the beginning of the Mexican War for Independence in 1810.
HIST 475 History of Mexico and Central America II (3) Prerequisite: LASC234, HIST251, or LASC235; or permission of instructor. A continuation of HIST474 with emphasis on the political development of the Mexican nation.
HIST 476 Jews in Medieval Times 1000-1450 (3) Recommended: HIST282 or JWST234; and (HIST330 or HIST331). Also offered as: JWST432. Credit only granted for: HIST419R, HIST476, JWST429M, or JWST432. Formerly: HIST419R. Social and cultural life of Jewish communities spread throughout Islam and Christendom. Major topics include the Gaonate, kehila organizations, legal, rationalist, and mystical thought, and the context of rising animosity against Jews linked to the Crusades and changing Church doctrines.
HIST 477 Afro-Diasporic Dialogues in the Americas (3) Prerequisite: HIST122, HIST123, HIST250, HIST251, HIST254, or HIST255. The African diaspora is a concept that attempts to comprehend the share experiences of African-descended peoples throughout the world, particularly in the Americas. While many of these peoples identify with a particular nationality (being Brazilian, Cuban, or from the United States above or alongside being black, of color, or of African descent), many of them have forged connections with each other across national boundaries and recognized commonalities that transcend their national contexts. This class will use fiction, memoir, and recent historical scholarship to explore the history of the links that Afro-Latin American and Afro-North Americans have created in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Ultimately, the course will help us understand the historical possibilities and limitations of conceiving of African Americans as a hemispheric, transnational social group.
HIST 480 History of Traditional China (3) China from earliest times to 1644 A.D. Emphasis on the development of traditional Chinese culture, society, and government.
HIST 481 A History of Modern China (3) Modern China from 1644 to the People's Republic of China. Emphasis on the coming of the West to China and the various stages of the Chinese reaction.
HIST 482 History of Japan to 1800 (3) Traditional Japanese civilization from the age of Shinto mythology and introduction of continental learning down to the rule of military families, the transition to a money economy, and the creation of a townsmen's culture. A survey of political, economic, religious, and cultural history.
HIST 483 History of Japan Since 1800 (3) Japan's renewed contact with the Western world and emergence as a modern state, industrial society, and world power, 1800-1931; and Japan's road to war, occupation, and recovery, 1931 to the present.
HIST 484 Cultural History of the Chinese Revolutions (3) Recommended: HIST481 or HIST285. Credit only granted for: HIST419G or HIST484. Formerly: HIST419G. Examines the cultural origins, experience, and results of the Cultural Revolution in China.
HIST 486 Social Issues in Modern China (3) Recommended: HIST285; and HIST481. Credit only granted for: HIST419N (Fall2007) or HIST486. Formerly: HIST419N. Explores the problems surrounding family, community, and social life in modern China, including a focus on issues that affect groups and subcultures within the population. Examines as well the political system's capacity to regulate this complex society.
HIST 491 History of the Ottoman Empire (3) Survey of the Ottoman Turkish Empire from 1300 A.D. to its collapse during World War I. Emphasis on the empire's social and political institutions and its expansion into Europe, the Arab East and North Africa.
HIST 492 Women and Society in the Middle East (3) Recommended: Must have completed prior coursework in Middle East studies or gender studies. Also offered as: WMST456. Credit only granted for: HIST492 or WMST456. Examines the customs, values, and institutions that have shaped women's experience in the Middle East in the past and in the contemporary Middle East.
HIST 493 Victorian Women in England, France, and the United States (3) Also offered as: WMST453. Credit only granted for: HIST493 or WMST453. Examines the lives of middle- and upper-class women in England, France, and the United States during the Victorian era. Topics include gender roles, work, domesticity, marriage, sexuality, double standards, and women's rights.
HIST 495 Women in Medieval Culture and Society (3) Also offered as: WMST455. Credit only granted for: HIST495 or WMST455. Medieval women's identity and cultural roles: the condition, rank and rights of medieval women; their access to power; a study of women's writings and the constraints of social constructs upon the female authorial voice; and contemporary assumptions about women.
HIST 496 Africa Since Independence (3) Analysis of socio-political and econo-political changes in Africa since approximately 1960; development of class structures, the role of the military, personal rule, and the patrimonial state; decline of party politics and participatory politics. Discussion of changes in economic policies, policies with respect to rural communities, and their relationship to the state and decision-making.
HIST 497 Islam in Africa (3) The introduction of Muslims and Islam into Africa from approximately th 8th to 19th century. Impact of Islam on a regional-cultural basis, as well as Islam in state development and in political theory. The impact of Islam on social structures, e.g., domestic African slavery. Role of Islam in resistance movements against imperialism and colonization, and the place of Islam in independence and post-independence movements.
HIST 499 Independent Study (1-3) Restriction: Permission of ARHU-History department. Repeatable to 6 credits.